Matches and lighters should be kept in a high, locked cupboard.
Teach your child that these objects are not toys and discuss fire hazards with your child.
Place floor heaters at least 4 feet away from furniture, curtains, and bedding.
Never place anything on top of an electrical heater or heater vent.
Test smoke detectors monthly and change batteries every six months (a good reminder is when the time changes).
Change your smoke detector every 8-10 years.
Develop an evacuation plan and practice monthly with your children. Establish a safe meeting place outside the home.
Keep a fire extinguisher available and in proper working order in the kitchen and garage.
Gasoline is only to be used for combustible engines.
Do not clean with gasoline.
Do not use gasoline to start fires, woodstoves or barbeques.
Store gasoline and other flammable liquids out of the reach of children.
Sunburn and sun exposure should not be taken lightly. Sunburn can occur in as little as 15 minutes You can still get a sunburn on a cloudy day
Apply cool baths or compresses for 10-15 minutes several times a day
An over the counter pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be helpful
Call the doctor for extremely painful sunburn, fever over 101, and sunburn in an infant less than 1, or multiple blisters Moisturize effected areas liberally and often with lotion
Do not apply petroleum jelly, ointments or butter to the sunburn. They make the symptoms worse and do not allow air to assist in healing
Do not wash burned skin with harsh soap
Drink extra fluids to prevent dehydration, avoiding alcohol & caffeine
Heat exhaustion results from spending too much time in the heat, even when not directly in the sun, like in a hot car or house
Heat stroke is caused by overexposure to direct sunlight, with or without physical activity and is considered a medical emergency
Scald injuries are painful and require prolonged treatment
Can result in lifetime scarring and even death.
Prevention is always preferable to treatment and can be accomplished through simple changes in behavior and the home environment.
Can happen to anyone, but young children, older adults and people with disabilities are more at risk
Most happen in the house & are in connection with cooking or serving hot food or beverages. Scalds are also caused from hot tap water in bathtubs and showers
If you smoke, do not smoke in bed or in any residential building
Make sure cigarettes are extinguished before leaving a room
Never throw a lit cigarette into bushes or grass, where it could start a fire
Dropped cigarettes are the leading cause of fire fatalities. The incidence of these fatal fires is higher when the person has also been drinking
Electricity is in most homes and can injure someone you love
Check your appliance cords frequently to make sure they are not loose or frayed
Do not overload outlets
Do not place cords under carpets or walkways, wear and tear could damage the cord and cause a fire
Halogen light bulbs emit intense heat, up to 1100 degrees Fahrenheit. Bulbs stay hot long after they have been turned off
Do not use electrical appliances in or near showers or bathtubs
Severe weather occurs with little warning, seek shelter or stay inside as soon as you see lightning
If you are burned seriously, you will be admitted to a hospital. There, doctors will concentrate on keeping the burned area clean and removing any dead tissue through a process called debridement. You will receive medications to reduce pain and prevent infection. You will also get a tetanus shot if you have not had one in 5 or more years.
Burns often cause pain and anxiety, even during recovery. You may also experience emotional distress if a burn changes his or your appearance. People with massive burns require early psychological and social support
Antimicrobial ointments (such as silver sulfadiazine, mafenide, silver nitrate, and povidone-iodine) are used to reduce risk of infection. Bacitracin may be used for first-degree burns. One study found that parrafin gauzes are valuable for superficial burns while silver based dressings are preferable for deep burns.
Antibiotics (such as oxacillin, mezlocillin, and gentamicin) are used to treat infection. Antibiotics will also probably be used if the risk of developing infection is high (for example, when the body surface area of the burn is large).
Prescription pain medications (such as acetaminophen with codeine, morphine, or meperidine) are used for severe burns.
Anabolic steroids, such as oxandrolone, may be used for severe burns to help decrease wound healing time
In the case of severe burns, a doctor may perform debridement and skin grafting. Debridement is the removal of dead tissue. In skin grafting, a piece of skin is surgically sewn over the burn after dead tissue is removed. The skin can be from another part of the person’s body, from a donor, or from an animal (usually a pig). Skin grafts from the person’s own body are permanent. Artificial skin may also be used. Cosmetic surgery may be done to improve both the function and appearance of the burned area.